Disease sexually transmitted:

Visceral syphilis

A broken jaw in the area of the alveolar bone

Перелом челюсти в области альвеолярного отростка
A broken jaw in the area of the alveolar bone

Fracture of the alveolar bone is diagnosed on the basis of medical history, the mobility of the bone fragments with teeth, bleeding from gums, mucous membrane of the cheek or lip. The offset of the damaged bone fragments occurs mainly posteriorly. When impacted fractures of the alveolar process the mobility of the bones is negligible.
At damage the walls of the maxillary sinus from the wound, wideset frothy blood - may be epistaxis.

A COLLES fracture in the lower third and dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint damage Galeazzi)

Перелом лучевой кости в нижней трети и вывих в дистальном луче-локтевом суставе (повреждение Галеацци)
A COLLES fracture in the lower third and dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint damage Galeazzi)

Clinically, the damage appears significant swelling and deformity in the lower third of the forearm. Radiocarpal joint is extended, the brush is deflected to the radial side and the ulnar side will hold the head of the ulna.

A deviated septum

Искривление носовой перегородки
A deviated septum

The curvature of the nasal septum is manifested by the following symptoms:
1. Obstruction of nasal breathing. Can be observed as a moderate violation, and the complete absence of nasal breathing. If the patient has unilateral deviated septum, impaired nasal breathing will be celebrated by the right or left half of the nose. Here we should focus on a small aspect of this symptom. Often, when you visit an ENT doctor, the patient is diagnosed with a deviated septum that leads him to a surprise since, according to him, his nose breathes well.

A deviated septum in children

Искривление носовой перегородки у детей
A deviated septum in children

A deviated septum is frequently encountered disorder in children. A deviated septum can cause breathing problems or nasal discharge. The most common symptom of a deviated septum is difficulty breathing through the nose, children are prone to inflammatory and allergic diseases of the respiratory system.

A fracture of the skull base

Перелом основания черепа
A fracture of the skull base

A fracture of the skull base bones belong to an open craniocerebral injury, and fracture with discharge of blood or cerebrospinal fluid from the ear canal or nose - to-open-penetrating traumatic brain injury. Fractures of the skull base localization is divided into fractures of the anterior, middle and posterior cranial fossae.
Fractures of the anterior cranial fossa are characterized by bleeding from the nose, or nasal liquorrhea, bruises in the upper and lower eyelids (a symptom of "points"). Bruises are one-sided and two-sided.

A ganglioma (have ganglioneuroma)

Ганглиома (ганглионеврома)
A ganglioma (have ganglioneuroma)

A ganglioma - tumor of the tendon sheaths. Most often occurs in women on the dorsum of the hand, rarely stop. There is an opinion that a ganglioma occurs due to physical overexertion. This is evidenced by the fact that she is more often seen in typists and pianists. In all likelihood, such formations occur in areas of tendon rupture with subsequent cystic lesion, with a hernia of the synovial membrane.

A group of diseases epidermolysis bullosa

Группа заболеваний буллезного эпидермолиза
A group of diseases epidermolysis bullosa

Most often the disease develops directly from the first days of a child's life. However, the literature describes cases of the appearance of symptoms and at a later age. On the skin of the patient popping bubbles with thin walls. Their sizes vary from a pea to a walnut, a few less common larger.

A peptic ulcer of unspecified localization

Пептическая язва неуточненной локализации
A peptic ulcer of unspecified localization

A peptic ulcer is characterized by symptoms, but can sometimes occur without symptoms. As a rule, marked pain, usually acute, which occur on an empty stomach and are localized in the upper abdomen just below the breastbone. After meals or medicines they disappear almost immediately. Is also characterized by the appearance of pain in 1-2 hours of the night. Chronic, although variable night pain and no pain at morning awakening is a typical symptom of this disease.

A soil bacterium (Bacillus cereus)

Bacillus cereus у детей
Bacillus cereus in children

Infectious process which leads the bacteria can manifest different symptoms. Food poisoning "is poured out" acute gastroenteritis. Other ways of infection there is development of meningitis, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, brain abscess, panophthalmitis, endocarditis, sepsis, bacteremia.

A survey of patients in extrenal surgery

Обследование больных в екстренной хирургии
A survey of patients in extrenal surgery

Abdominal pain is the most prominent symptom indicating the occurrence of acute diseases of abdominal cavity and forcing the patient to urgently seek medical help. Its intensity is very different from unbearable suffering until you feel slight discomfort. Difficulties in accurate diagnosis are related to the fact that this symptom may be accompanied by an extremely wide variety of diseases.

Abdominal actinomycosis

Абдоминальный актиномикоз
Abdominal actinomycosis

Actinomycetaceae lesions of the abdominal and anorectal area is quite rare. Their development is associated with acute perforation of internal organs (appendicitis, diverticulitis, crypts, various peptic diseases), surgical or other traumatic lesions, including lesions swallowed bone fragments or fish bones.
Another source of pelvic and abdominal actinomycotic infections have been identified.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Аневризма брюшной аорты
Abdominal aortic aneurysm

According to E. F. Bernstein, 24 abdominal aortic aneurysms are asymptomatic and are identified incidentally during preventive examinations, palpation of the abdomen about any disease of the intestine, stomach, kidney, radiography of abdominal cavity organs (subject to the calcification of the walls of the aneurysm), laparotomy, produced on another occasion. Often aneurysms detected at autopsy and cause of death.

In recent years, in connection with the distribution of rentgenocontrast-STN angiography performed for conditions of the lower extremities vessels, kidneys, digestive system, often asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm is a random finding on the angiogram.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Аневризма брюшной аорты
Abdominal aortic aneurysm

According to E. F. Bernstein, 24 abdominal aortic aneurysms are asymptomatic and are identified incidentally during preventive examinations, palpation of the abdomen about any disease of the intestine, stomach, kidney, radiography of abdominal cavity organs (subject to the calcification of the walls of the aneurysm), laparotomy, produced on another occasion. Often aneurysms detected at autopsy and cause of death.

In recent years, in connection with the distribution of rentgenocontrast-STN angiography performed for conditions of the lower extremities vessels, kidneys, digestive system, often asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm is a random finding on the angiogram.

Abdominal surgical infection

Абдоминальная хирургическая инфекция
Abdominal surgical infection

In surgery, the term "abdominal infection" is used to denote a wide range of infectious processes, as a rule, developing under the influence of microorganisms colonizing the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and penetrating into other normally sterile abdominal cavity (exception, so-called primary peritonitis).

Abdominal trauma

Абдоминальная травма
Abdominal trauma

The classification should be simple and convenient in practical use and also give the ability to choose diagnostic and therapeutic tactics. Such demands are met by the classification of damages, presented in the national doctrine of military surgery. However, given the specifics of assisting the affected civilian population, in this classification we have made appropriate amendments.

Damaging agent.

Abnormalities of size and form of teeth (macrodontia and microdontia)

Аномалии размеров и формы зубов  (макродентия и микродентия)
Abnormalities of size and form of teeth (macrodontia and microdontia)

The tooth rotation, tooth

The tooth rotation, tooth (Latin tortus twisted) is called rotation of the tooth around its longitudinal axis. Most often susceptible to lateral incisors of the upper jaw. The most common causes of the anomaly are:

  • the lack of sufficient space in the tooth row (macrodontia, narrowing jaw)-
  • the pressure on the supernumerary tooth or incorrectly proizvodima teeth
  • atypical bookmark follicle-
  • persistence (sustainability) of primary teeth-
  • trauma in the area of the front teeth.

Abnormalities of the nose

Deformation of the external nose (one or two inlet openings in the nose in the absence of the nose and intranasal structures, or excessive development of the nose and its separate structures), difficulty (violation) of sucking and swallowing due to violation of the integrity of the sucking muscles.

Abnormalities of the paranasal sinuses

Abnormal development of the maxillary sinuses are most often marked by the following signs.
Complete absence or partial narrowing of the sinus due to depressions in her nose or front wall. The degree of retardation can vary, from minor depressions the canine fossa (fossa canina) to the confluence of the facial and nasal walls with the disappearance of the sinus in the lower division

Abrasion

Ссадины
Abrasion

Abrasions can result in such symptomsas pain, a burning sensation and rawness, bleeding (intensity depends on the depth of abrasion). With small abrasions may self-treatment, however, there are a number of factors, the presence of which necessarily seeking medical help from a doctor. These include:

Abrasion of hard tooth tissues

Стирание твердых тканей зуба
Abrasion of hard tooth tissues

Pathological abrasion of hard tissues of teeth observed in 11,8 people. Full erasing chewing tubercles large and small molars and partial cutting edges of the anterior teeth is more common in men (62.5) than in women (22,7 ). The reasons for excessive Erasure can be malocclusion, overload caused by loss of teeth, not-proper design of the prosthesis, the impact of household and occupational hazards, as well as the formation of defective tissue structures.

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