Disease sexually transmitted:

Latent syphilis

Otitis externa

  • What is otitis externa
  • What triggers / Causes of External otitis
  • The symptoms of External otitis
  • Diagnosis of External otitis
  • Treatment of External otitis
  • Prevention of External otitis
  • Which doctors should be consulted if You have otitis externa

What is otitis externa -

Otitis externa is an inflammatory disease of the external auditory canal.
There are two types of external otitis – limited and diffuse.
Limited otitis externa is manifested in the form of inflammation of the hair follicle or a boil in the outer ear canal. If you look outside, it's the boil is not visible. People can only speculate about its existence due to the pain, which is worse when chewing or touching the ear. A few days later the abscess Matures and bursts, resulting in decreased pain.
When diffuse external otitis inflammatory process affects the entire ear canal. This type of otitis media is divided into bacterial, allergic and fungal. The cause of diffuse external otitis is an inflammation that is caused by Streptococcus group A.
In addition, the skin of the auditory canal has an acid reaction, which protects it from infection and fungus. However, in some cases, water may remain in the ear canal for a long time, which leads to a change of the skin: its acidity as water soluble. The presence on the skin of the auditory canal of minor wounds, cuts or scratches water facilitates the entry of infection.

What triggers / Causes of External otitis:

To the causes of external otitis is an infection. It could be a staph infection – the main cause of furuncle of the ear canal, as well as fungal infection. Enabling factors include the constant hydration of the skin of the auditory canal, resulting in disturbed skin's protective barrier. In addition, the gates of infection in the skin of the auditory canal are small wounds, scratches and cuts as a result of ear cleaning from sulfur (matches, toothpicks, hairpins, etc.).
The risk factors for the development of external otitis
Usually, otitis externa is common in children. Contributes to this disease the pathology of the skin, as eczema, which is peeling and the formation of erosions. Cerumen is also a risk factor of external otitis, as this increased the possibility that the patient attempts to clean the ear independently.
Other risk factors may be the narrowness of the auditory passage, and chronic otitis media is when ear canal is regularly noted purulent discharge. It facilitates the introduction of infection into the skin.
Risk factors for skin lesions of the auditory canal and are diseases accompanied by low immunity. For example, diabetes.

The symptoms of External otitis:

Otitis externa is manifested by the following symptoms:
- Severe pain when moving the auricle or tragus part of the auricle immediately ahead of the ear openings.
- Constant pain in the ear or in the ear. Usually otitis externa occurs on one side.
- Itching in the ear. Itching is often typical for fungal skin of the auditory canal, as well as eczema.
- Swelling of the external auditory canal or enlarged lymph nodes in the ear.
- A feeling of fullness in the ear.
- The discharge of pus from the ear.
- Hearing loss.
The symptoms and limited external otitis: first there is the pain of a pulsating nature, which increases during chewing and talking. Ear pain is worse when pressing on the tragus or pulling the ear backwards. The hearing is usually preserved and is violated only when the ear canal is completely blocked. Upon examination of the ear is visible hyperemia, swelling of the skin on one of the walls of the auditory canal. After some time in the center of the protrusion appears to soften, boil is opened and the pus.
The symptoms and course of diffuse external otitis: patients complain of slight pain in the ear, which may be replaced by itching, sometimes strong. Body temperature is usually normal or slightly elevated. The hearing is usually preserved, but in the case of a large swelling of the skin and closing the lumen of the auditory canal can be reduced.
During the inspection noted redness, swelling and thickening of the skin of the ear canal. The inflammatory process may spread to the eardrum, then you have a slight clear discharge from the ear, reduced hearing, eardrum hyperemia.

Diagnosis of External otitis:

Diagnosis of external otitis is simple, but leave it to the doctor because error in self diagnosis will lead to an erroneous view, and then to self harming.

Treatment of External otitis:

Blunder when external otitis is to install the wick, for example, boric alcohol. Hit aggressively irritating substances to inflamed skin can exacerbate pain. It may be appropriate installation of wick with antibacterial or hormonal ointment (tselestoderm, flutsinar, triderm). Requires the use of ear drops, including those containing antibiotics (neomycin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin). The pain can be relieved by taking pain drugs inside (salts, etc). With the development of a furuncle of the external canal is necessary to remove the purulent contents, i.e. the desired laxative small incision. Independent attempts of treatment can result in serious complications (the spread of pus in the subcutaneous tissue in the temporal region).

Prevention of External otitis:

Hygienic procedures on external ear should be performed in the correct order and correct the circuit. For example, loved by many cotton buds if used improperly carried out to "utrambovyvaya" earwax, skin trauma. That is why specialists suggest that you abandon a thorough self-cleaning of the ears. It is enough to remove accumulated sulfur is not deeper than 0.5 to 1 cm from the orifice of the external auditory canal. It is also crucial to protect the ear from water when bathing. As you know, moist environment favors the development of infectious process.

Which doctors should be consulted if You have otitis externa:

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