- What is the malformation of the ear
- What triggers / Causes of ear Malformations
- Treatment of Malformations of the ear
- Which doctors should be consulted if You have Malformations of the ear
What is the malformation of the ear -
Congenital malformations of the external and middle ear in children are quite common. On average in our country are born every year to 400-500 children with this pathology, population frequency of malformations of the ear is 3.5:1000 newborns. Among the different types of pediatric ENT-pathology congenital malformations of the ear approximately 5-6.
What triggers / Causes Malformations of the ear:
Defects can be hereditary, but often becomes the cause of adverse environmental conditions affecting pregnant. For example, the number of children born with malformations of the ear, more in the regions with high levels of radiation.
Treatment of malformation of the ear:
Common approaches to treatment. The question of the surgical treatment of these patients depends on the condition of auditory function in the child as the hearing loss interferes its full development.
To operate on such patients should as soon as possible, but this is not always possible for two reasons: because of the difficulties in the study of hearing in children of early age and continued growth of the outer and middle ear.
Development of new modern methods of audiological diagnostics, as well as the introduction of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging made it possible to manufacture surgical treatment at an earlier age, up to 4-5 years. Before the surgery hearing loss to some extent compensated for through the use of hearing AIDS.
Somewhat different is the case in malformations of the ear without functional disorders, such as octopyranoside otoplasty (prominent ears), increase their size - macrotia or decrease microtia.
The natural desire of the parents that the child had the surgery as early as possible, but this is not always possible due to continued growth of the ear. After a few years even after successful reconstruction of its growth has slowed (compared to the opposite ear).
Cosmetic surgery is better to make the child at the age of 6-7 years. Cosmetic defect it is recommended to hide the appropriate hairstyle. In any case, parents should imagine that the reconstructed shell will not be identical to normal, because its structure is very complex.
In recent years, there is an alternative in the form of prostheses made of modern materials that mimic the skin. The prosthesis is usually kept in vacuum suction cups.
A big problem in the surgical treatment of congenital malformations of the ear is educated in subsequent keloid scars, minimizes the results of even a well-executed operation. Among the effective drugs in case of such complications have become proteolytic enzymes.
Which doctors should be consulted if You have Malformations of the ear: