Disease sexually transmitted:

Secondary syphilis

Abdominal actinomycosis

Абдоминальный актиномикоз
Abdominal actinomycosis

Actinomycetaceae lesions of the abdominal and anorectal area is quite rare. Their development is associated with acute perforation of internal organs (appendicitis, diverticulitis, crypts, various peptic diseases), surgical or other traumatic lesions, including lesions swallowed bone fragments or fish bones.
Another source of pelvic and abdominal actinomycotic infections have been identified.

Acanthocheilonemiasis (dipetalonema)

Акантохейлонематоз (дипеталонематоз)
Acanthocheilonemiasis (dipetalonema)

Adult D. perstans live in the mesentery, perinephric and retroperitoneal tissue, pericardium, pleural cavity, adults D. streptocerca in skin. Here is their maturation.
The larvae (microfilariae) D. perstans produced by adult worms, parasites in the peripheral blood, have no periodicity. Microfilariae of D. streptocerca live in the skin.
Source of infestation D. perstans is a man, the final boss is the source of the infestation D. streptocerca - monkeys, people very rarely.
Vectors of the pathogen and the intermediate host - biting midges of the genus Culicoides. Microfilariae trapped by bloodsucking in the body of an insect, are becoming invasive in 7-10 days.

Actinomycosis

Актиномикоз
Actinomycosis

The duration of the incubation period is unknown. It can vary within a wide range and up to several years (from time of infection to development of clinical forms of actinomycosis). The main clinical forms of actinomycosis: actinomycosis of the head, tongue and neck - torically actinomycosis abdominal - actinomycosis of the urinary organs - the lumpy skin - mycetoma (madorsky foot)- actinomycosis of the Central nervous system.

Acute herpes (canker) sores

Острый герпетический (афтозный) стоматит
Acute herpes (canker) sores

The incubation period lasts on average 4 days. The disease begins acutely, usually with increasing temperature (37 - 41 °C) and malaise. After 1 to 2 days there is pain in the mouth, aggravated by food and conversation.
The mucous membrane becomes red and swells, then it poured fine bubbles, isolated or in groups, their number varies from 2 - 3 to a few tens. Phase vesicles are usually not recorded patient and physician, as it quickly switches to erosion.

Acute herpetic gingivostomatitis

Острый герпетический гингивостоматит
Acute herpetic gingivostomatitis

The incubation period lasts from 2 to 6 days but may last up to 17 days.
Acute herpetic gingivostomatitis usually affects children of preschool and younger school age, most often from 1 year to 3 years. In recent years, cases of disease of children 6 – 10 months., fed artificially with the first months of life.
Generalized form of herpes is possible in a baby born to a mother who does not have antibodies to herpes simplex virus. Infection such child who has not received from the mother's passive immunity leading to the development of severe septic disease with lesions of the serous membranes of the brain and internal organs.

Acute poliomyelitis

Острый полиомиелит
Acute poliomyelitis

There are four forms of polio: asymptomatic, abortive, neparametricheskoi and paralytic.
Asymptomatic polio, clinically manifesting, characterized by temporary isolation of the virus. This form is extremely dangerous in epidemiological terms: virus carriers can be a source of spreading the disease.
Abortive form occurs in the form of short-term infectious disease with symptoms of mild upper respiratory tract disease or food channel, with no signs of damage to the nervous system (visceral form of polio).

Adenoviral enteritis

Аденовирусный энтерит
Adenoviral enteritis

The incubation period is 8 to 10 days.
Unlike other viral gastroenteritis enteric adenoviruses cause a longer disease (5 to 12 days, and sometimes up to 14 days).
The principal difference enteric adenoviruses from respiratory in that patients do not develop typical clinical signs, such as nasopharyngitis and keratoconjunctivitis, although viremia in these patients is also logged.
The disease is characterized by moderately severe intoxication, mild fever, persisting for several days. In those cases, when the disease lasts up to 2 weeks, patients often registered the fever is of the wrong type that is sometimes wavy character.

Adenovirus infection

Аденовирусная инфекция
Adenovirus infection

The duration of the incubation period varies from 1 day to 2 weeks, often accounting for 5-8 days. The disease begins acutely with the development of mild or moderate symptoms of intoxication: fever or chilling, a mild and non-permanent headache, myalgia and arthralgia, lethargy, weakness, loss of appetite. On the 2-3rd day of illness starts to increase the body temperature, it often remains subfebrile within 5-7 days, only occasionally reaching 38-39 °C.

African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)

Африканский трипаносомоз (сонная болезнь)
African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)

The tsetse fly inoculum of trypanosomes in the subcutaneous space by bloodsucking. Some parasites penetrate directly into the bloodstream, but most of them remained at the site of inoculation, where they multiply and cause a local education chancre. After the appearance of chancre, the trypanosomes are distributed in the interstitial spaces and lymphatic vessels and fall ultimately into the blood vessels, where they continue to multiply. Parasitemia is low, in the form of waves - each wave disappears at increasing the production of antibodies to surface glikoproteinom antigen of the parasite and comes back after 3 to 8 days as the formation of new antigenic variants.

AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

СПИД (синдром приобретённого иммунного дефицита)
AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

Clinical staging the who for adults and adolescents ≥ 15 years.
Acute HIV infection
o Asymptomatic
o Acute retroviral syndrome
Clinical stage 1
o Asymptomatic
o Persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL)
Clinical stage 2
o Seborrheic dermatitis
o Angular cheilitis
o Recurrent ulcers of the oral cavity (two or more episodes within 6 months)
o Tinea (versicolor common)
o Recurrent respiratory tract infections - sinusitis, otitis media, pharyngitis, bronchitis, tracheitis, (two or more episodes within 6 months)

Amoebiasis

Амебиаз
Amoebiasis

The disease usually develops slowly and without symptoms of General intoxication, the body temperature is normal or subfebrile. In severe infestations, may have relatively high temperature and pulling or shadowassassin pain in the lower abdomen, worse during defecation. Appear painful tenesmus.
In severe colitis growing signs of intoxication, which is manifested by increase in temperature (usually wrong), decreased appetite, nausea, sometimes vomiting.

Amoebic lung abscess

Амебный абсцесс легкого

Amoebic lung abscess develops due as hematogenous dissemination from other bodies, and direct distribution process from the liver. In the area of localization amoebae develops the lysis of the cells with preservation of collagen structures and slight lymphocytic and histiocytic proliferation.

Antacids

Анизакидоз
Antacids

Pathogens of anisakidae man - larval stage of development of helminth genera: Anisakis, Contracaecum, Pseudoterranova, Hysterothylacium, relating to the order Ascaridida Skrjabin et Schikhobalova, 1940, the family Anisakidae Skrjabin et Korokhin, 1945,. The definitive hosts of these worms are many marine mammals (cetaceans, pinnipeds), predatory marine fish and fish-eating birds, in the gastro-intestinal tract which are parasitic males and females of anisakid.

Anthrax

Сибирская язва
Anthrax

Pathogen - facultative anaerobic fixed gram-positive spore forming capsulated bacterium B. anthracis of the genus Bacillus of the family Васillасеае. Morphologically looks like a big stick with chopped ends. In smears is single, in pairs or in chains. In the presence of oxygen produces spores. Grows well on a meat-peptone media. Antigenic structure of the pathogen presents capsular and somatic antigen, the antibodies do not possess protective properties.

Argentine hemorrhagic fever

Аргентинская геморрагическая лихорадка
Argentine hemorrhagic fever

The incubation period lasts from 7 to 16 days. The disease begins gradually. The body temperature rises, sometimes with chills, there is a weakness, headache, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, anorexia. Fever increases and reaches 39-40°C. on examination revealed hyperemia of the face, neck, injection of vascular sclera. May be a small swollen lymph nodes. On 3-5th day of illness the patient's condition worsens, signs of dehydration (BP drops to 50-100 mmHg. calendar), oliguria increases.

Ascariasis

Аскаридоз
Ascariasis

The causative agent of human ascariasis Ascaris lumbricoides, belongs to the suborder Ascaridate (Skrjabin, 1915), the family Ascaridae (Baird, 1853), the genus Ascaris (Linnaeus, 1758). Alive worms fusiform, reddish, after the death of a yellowish-white color.Males reach 15 to 25 cm in length and 2 to 4 mm in width. The tail end in a fixed state cruccolini bent. On the ventral side of the tail has up to 70 pairs preanalysed and 7 pairs postonline papillae - organs of touch. Two equal spicules reach 1.5 - 2 mm long.

Aspergillosis

Аспергиллез
Aspergillosis

Aspergillosis a variety of clinical manifestations that is determined by the immune status of the patient. In immunocompetent persons aspergillosis may be asymptomatic – in the form of a carriage, colonization, aspergilloma. With the deepening of immune disorders it can transform into an invasive form, which, depending on the degree of defects of immunity, is a chronic, subacute or acute, and the more pronounced immunological failure, the more acute nature of the disease.

Babesiosis

Бабезиоз
Babesiosis

The incubation period if infection with Babesia divergens by ticks 10-15 days, through the blood - 6-12 days after infection of sheep Babesia ovis, respectively 8-12 and 5-7 days. Patients animal sharply increased body temperature (up to 40-41°C), broken heart, breathing quickened. The General condition of the oppressed, constipation alternating with diarrhea. The animals quickly lose weight. Milk yield of cows is reduced by 4-5 times. Milk becomes yellow, sometimes reddish, bitter in taste. On 2–3rd day of illness appears bloody urine. Sheep often comes to abortion.

Bagel

Беджель
Bagel

Bagel very similar to syphilis, but not sexually transmitted. Most transmission occurs through dermal contact, or by sharing utensils.
Often called endemic syphilis, bejel characterized by the occurrence of skin and bone damage, he begins in the mouth and gradually progresses. The last stage is the most serious.
The incubation period from 2 weeks to 3 months.
Observed early and late stages of Bijela as in yaws and Pinta. The early stages include the incubation period, primary and secondary rashes.

Balantidiasis

Балантидиаз
Balantidiasis

Most common chronic form of it. Both acute and chronic balantidiasis can occur either in the form valentigney dysentery with the rapid development of fetid bloody mucous diarrhea, either in the form balancing colitis with semi-liquid feces and mucus, but no blood.

Bartonellosis

Бартонеллез
Bartonellosis

The incubation period is 15 to 40 days, that is usually about 3 weeks, but may take up to 3 to 4 months.
In typical cases, the disease is dwuhfazno. In the first, acute phase, called Oroya fever, body temperature rises to 39 - 40 °C and remains at this level 10 - 30 days, then slowly decreases. The fever is accompanied by severe intoxication, fever, drenching sweat. There is a strong headache, bone, joint and muscle pain, malaise, insomnia, delirium or apathy, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting. Appear on the skin hemorrhage, liver and spleen are enlarged, there may be jaundice.

Blastomycosis Gilchrist

Бластомикоз Гилкриста
Blastomycosis Gilchrist

The incubation period ranges from 1 week to 4 months. The clinical picture of the main manifestations of blastomycosis are considered the lungs and papillomatoses-ulcer blastomycosis of the skin. The skin lesions usually develop on the background of pulmonary changes, last observed in almost all patients, whereas changes in the skin may be missing. The pulmonary form of blastomycosis may begin gradually as a primary chronic, without obvious acute phase of the disease. Appears General weakness, cough, increased body temperature, but only some (about 20) it exceeds 38°C, reduced body weight (40),

Blastomycosis South American

Бластомикоз южно-американский
Blastomycosis South-americansdiabetes South American

Primarily affects the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose, ulcers occur with granulomatous bottom, slowly increasing in size, can be broken tongue, vocal cords, teeth fall out. The skin is involved in the process a second time (the process moves from mucous membranes), affected regional lymph nodes, the process can capture light (like tuberculosis), intestines, bones, and rarely the Central nervous system.

Boliviana hemorrhagic fever

Боливианская геморрагическая лихорадка
Boliviana hemorrhagic fever

The incubation period lasts from 7 to 14 days. The disease begins gradually. For several days the temperature reaches 39-40°C and kept at this level for several days. Hemorrhagic manifestations in the initial period are more common than in Argentine hemorrhagic fever. Can be nasal, gastric, uterine bleeding. The disease lasts for 2-3 weeks.

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