Disease sexually transmitted:

Chlamydia (chlamydia infection)

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in women

Синдром приобретенного иммунодефицита (СПИД) у женщин
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in women

Among infected usually dominated by people of young age (30-39 years). The ratio of men and women, according to the research Center USA is 10-15: 1.

There are several stages of disease.

The initial stage of disease (stage I) half of the infected are not manifested by any symptoms. Patients do not make any complaints. 50 infected after about 5-6 weeks after infection develops acute febrile phase with fever, General weakness, sweating at night, lethargy, loss of appetite, nausea, myalgia, arthralgia, headache, sore throat, diarrhea, lymphadenopathy, diffuse maculopapular rash, flaking of skin, worsening of seboreynogo dermatitis, recurrent herpes.

Acute abdomen in gynecology

«Острый живот» в гинекологии
"Acute abdomen" in gynecology

Causes of the acute abdomen in gynecology can be divided into 3 groups:acute intra-abdominal hemorrhage (broken ectopic pregnancy, ovarian apoplexy); circulatory disorders of the internal genital organs (torsion tumors and tumor-like formations of the ovary, torsion and/or necrosis of the myoma node); acute inflammatory diseases of internal genital organs with involvement of the peritoneum.

Acute diffuse glomerulonephritis

Острый диффузный гломерулонефрит
Acute diffuse glomerulonephritis

Acute diffuse glomerulonephritis is characterized by three main symptoms: edema, hypertension and urinary.

The disease usually develops acutely. Patients report fever, weakness, preferential swelling of the face, headache, decreased urine output.

An early sign of the disease are swelling. They are found in 80-90 patients are located primarily on the face and create together with the pale skin typical "face nefritika". Often the fluid accumulates in the cavities (pleural, peritoneal and pericardial cavity). The weight gain due to the swelling can reach in a short time 15-20 kg or more. Usually after 2-3 weeks, the swelling disappear.

Acute glomerulonephritis

Острый гломерулонефрит
Acute glomerulonephritis

Acute glomerulonephritis is characterized by three main symptoms - edema, hypertension and urinary. In urine are mainly protein and red blood cells. The amount of protein in the urine usually ranges from 1 to 10 g/l, but often reaches 20 g/l and more. However, the high beam content in the urine is noted only in the first 7-10 days, so in a later study of urine proteinuria is often low (less than 1 g/l). Small proteinuria in some cases may be at the outset of the disease, and in some periods it may even be absent. A small amount of protein in the urine in patients undergoing acute nephritis, there are long and disappear only in 3-6, and in some cases even 9 to 12 months of onset.
Hematuria is a compulsory and permanent sign of acute gemeralopia - 13-15 cases it is gross hematuria, in other cases, microscopic hematuria, sometimes the number of red blood cells may not be limited to 10-15 in sight.

Acute nephrotic syndrome

Острый нефритический синдром
Acute nephrotic syndrome

The disease manifests after 1-6 weeks after streptococcal infection.
Classic signs of acute nephritis:
- Hematuria (100). Gross hematuria occurs in 30 cases (urine color of meat slops).
- Swelling (85). The most characteristic swelling of the face (especially the eyelids) from the second half of the day, and also feet and lower legs in the evening.
- Arterial hypertension (82)
- Hypocomplementemia (content NW) of 83 cases.
- Oligoanuria (52) in combination with thirst.
Other attributes:
- The fever (rare).
- Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, headache, slabost.
- Lower back pain.
- Pain in the abdomen.
- Weight gain.
Signs of an infectious respiratory disease (including acute tonsillitis, pharyngitis).
Signs of scarlet fever.
- Signs of impetigo.

Acute pyelonephritis

Острый пиелонефрит
Acute pyelonephritis

For primary acute pyelonephritis is characterized by a triad of symptoms mdash; - high body temperature, pain in the lumbar region, changes in the urine, characteristic of the inflammatory process (pyuria, bacteriuria). The clinical picture is divided into General and local symptoms. Primary acute pyelonephritis initially appears common symptoms: chills, fever up to high numbers, profuse sweating and headache (mostly in the frontal lobes), pain in muscles and joints, nausea, vomiting, General malaise. Tongue dry, coated. Pulse frequent.

Acute renal failure

Острая почечная недостаточность
Acute renal failure

In the course of acute renal failure is divided into four periods or stages: 1) shock, 2) oligoanuria, 3) recovery of diuresis with the initial phase of diuresis and polyuria phase, and finally, 4) the recovery period. In the first period the most pronounced symptoms of the underlying disease that led to acute renal failure and shock. Marked tachycardia, lowering blood pressure, which, however, may be transient. In the period of oligoanuria decreases or stops altogether of urine formation.

Algomenorrhea (dysmenorrhea)

Альгодисменорея (дисменорея)
Algomenorrhea (dysmenorrhea)

Cramping in the days of your period or a few days before her localized in the lower abdomen, radiating to the lower back, at least in the area of external genitals, groin and thighs. Pain paroxysmal and quite intense, accompanied by General weakness, nausea, vomiting, crampy headache, dizziness, raising the temperature to 37-38 °C, dry mouth, abdominal distention, fainting and other autonomic disorders.

Algomenorrhea secondary

Альгодисменорея вторичная
Algomenorrhea secondary

One of the most common causes of endometriosis. However, pain in this pathology possible throughout the menstrual cycle and may increase 2-3 days before menstruation. They are often not cramping and aching radiating to the region of the rectum. Pain is not accompanied by the "autonomic storm" (vomiting, nausea, sweating, diarrhea). Gynecology, depending on the location and distribution of endometrioid heterotopias determine the thickening and tenderness of the uterosacral ligaments, pain when moving the cervix, the increase of the uterus, changes in the uterus and ovaries before menstruation and decrease thereafter.

Amenorrhea

Аменорея
Amenorrhea

Absence of menstruation - one of the first signs of the onset of the disease - leads the girls to the gynecologist. During the inspection there has been a sharp decrease in subcutaneous fat in women's body type. Secondary sexual characteristics developed normally. Gynecology moderate hypoplasia of external and internal genital organs. Ongoing weight loss leads to aggravation of symptoms starvation - bradycardia, hypotension, hypothermia.

Amenorrhea pituitary origin

Аменорея гипофизарного генеза
Amenorrhea pituitary origin

Hyperprolactinemia is accompanied by a change of ovarian function which can lead to anovulation, luteal phase deficiency, disorders of the menstrual cycle according to the type of oligomenorrhea or secondary amenorrhea.

In 67 women with hyperprolactinemia may occur galactorrhea, which does not correlate with prolactin levels. Under normal prolactin levels can also be galactorrhea, which is associated with hypersensitivity of the receptors of prolactin to its normal level or with high biological activity of prolactin. Galactorrhea appears as in anovulation and ovulatory menstrual cycles, as well as with normal content of prolactin.

Bacterial vaginosis

Бактериальный вагиноз
Bacterial vaginosis

The clinical manifestations are not specific. The main complaint of patients with BV are abundant, homogeneous, creamy gray vaginal discharge that adheres to vaginal walls and have an unpleasant "fishy" odor. Possible itching, burning sensation in the vagina, discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Candidiasis of the vagina

Кандидоз влагалища
Candidiasis of the vagina

Women suffering from candidiasis of vulva and vagina, mainly complain of itching and whites mixed with cheesy-kroshkovidny inclusions, hence the name "thrush". The discharge may be thick, white, yellowish-greenish, depending on the severity of the process. The smell is usually sour, unpleasant. Itching causes a lot of anxiety patients, sometimes making them incapacitated and severely straining the nervous system, as it almost never slows down, is worse at night and leads to traumatizing the mucosa of the vulva due to scratching. Sometimes patients note pain when urinating, and a burning sensation.

Cervical cancer part 2

Рак шейки матки
Cervical cancer

Clinical manifestations of early forms of cervical cancer (carcinoma in situ, microinvasive cancer) are absent. Pathognomonic for cervical cancer are contact bleeding, rarely are acyclic bleeding. However, the appearance of blood discharge usually corresponds to invasive cancer. The patient may present complaints to pus-like, foul-smelling discharge, pain (including back pain, kidney), fever, weight loss, dysfunction of adjacent organs. Typically, these symptoms corresponds inoperable and running forms of cancer.

Cervical disease

Заболевания шейки матки
Cervical disease

Ectopia of the cervix involves the displacement of cylindrical epithelium on the vaginal portion of the cervix. To denote ectopia long used the term "pseudo". Isolated acquired and congenital ectopia (the pseudo).

Chronic diffuse glomerulonephritis

Хронический диффузный гломерулонефрит
Chronic diffuse glomerulonephritis

The clinical picture of chronic glomerulonephritis polymorphic. It includes the development of edema, hypertension, urinary syndrome (proteinuria, hematuria, cylindruria), hypoproteinemia, hypercholesterolemia. The most common complaint of patients associated with renal hypertension mdash - impaired vision, heart failure, attacks of cardiac asthma - with symptoms of kidney failure & mdash; - the weakness, dry skin, insomnia, itching, poor appetite with renal impairment & mdash; - pain in the lumbar region, dysuria, nocturia, etc.

Chronic glomerulonephritis

Хронический гломерулонефрит
Chronic glomerulonephritis

In the opinion of many clinicians-nephrologists, there are two types of chronic glomerulonephritis: primary and secondary chronic. To primary chronic glomerulonephritis are those cases that occur without preceding acute glomerulonephritis, i.e. from the beginning (primary) glomerulonephritis becomes chronic.

Chronic interstitial nephritis

Хронический интерстициальный нефрит
Chronic interstitial nephritis

Symptoms of a HIN for a long time remains scant or symptoms of the disease are absent. Therefore, to determine the true onset of the disease can be difficult or almost impossible. Medicinal HIN (fenatsetinovogo or analgesic) in the vast majority of cases is a "second disease", i.e., develops on the background of pre-existing diseases for which patients and used long-term drugs (phenacetin, dipyrone, etc.) that caused kidney damage.

Chronic pyelonephritis

Хронический пиелонефрит
Chronic pyelonephritis

Course and clinical picture of chronic pyelonephritis depend on many factors, including the location of inflammation in one or both kidneys (unilateral or bilateral), the prevalence of the pathological process, the presence or absence of obstacles to the current of the urine in the urinary tract, the effectiveness of previous treatment, possible comorbidities.

Chronic renal failure

Хроническая почечная недостаточность
Chronic renal failure

Patients are slow, apathetic, drowsy. Develops a great acidotic breathing, painful itching. The skin is dry, even in rough absent sweating. Puffy face. Arises expressed muscle weakness, in most cases due to hypokalemia. Often muscle twitching andeven large seizures without loss of consciousness associated with a decrease in blood calcium level.
Bone loss is clinically manifested by pain, abnormal gait and other movements. This syndrome develops in a slow increase in renal failure, is a sudden decrease in glomerular filtration and calcium balance.

Colpitis

Кольпит
Colpitis

The main symptom of vaginitis, based on which can sometimes diagnose are vaginal discharge, which in some cases are liquid, while others - purulent character. Patients coming to the clinic, complain of the sensation of itching in the vaginal area and vulva, on the impossibility of intercourse because of severe pain.

Delayed sexual development in girls

Задержка полового развития у девочек
Delayed sexual development in girls

Patients with DSD are different from their peers lack of development of secondary sexual characteristics and lack of menstruation. Physique eunuchoid: tall, long arms and legs with a short torso. Bone age is a passport or slightly behind him. Gynecology note the hypoplasia of the external and internal genitalia. Dramatic weight loss leads to the cessation of menstruation, but if menarche, primary amenorrhea is observed.

Diabetic glomerulosclerosis

Диабетический гломерулосклероз
Diabetic glomerulosclerosis

Generally accepted classification of diabetic angiopathy does not exist. They are constructed mainly on the basis of individual clinical manifestations of vascular lesions (diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy), or are based mainly on morphological changes of the organs.

Disorders of sexual development girls

Нарушения полового развития девочек
Disorders of sexual development girls

Cerebral BPD manifests itself in the form of incomplete (thelarche and/or adrenarche) and complete the form. Incomplete form CPD consider a stretched first phase of puberty. Age at menarche of girls 10-11 years. When the full form is secondary sexual characteristics and menstruation. The development of secondary sexual characteristics in the full form of true CPD is significantly ahead of itself with timely puberty, although the sequence of their appearance is not impaired. Bone age significantly ahead of the passport, the increase does not exceed 150 to 152 cm

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