Disease sexually transmitted:

Chancroid (soft chancre)

A broken jaw in the area of the alveolar bone

Перелом челюсти в области альвеолярного отростка
A broken jaw in the area of the alveolar bone

Fracture of the alveolar bone is diagnosed on the basis of medical history, the mobility of the bone fragments with teeth, bleeding from gums, mucous membrane of the cheek or lip. The offset of the damaged bone fragments occurs mainly posteriorly. When impacted fractures of the alveolar process the mobility of the bones is negligible.
At damage the walls of the maxillary sinus from the wound, wideset frothy blood - may be epistaxis.

A COLLES fracture in the lower third and dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint damage Galeazzi)

Перелом лучевой кости в нижней трети и вывих в дистальном луче-локтевом суставе (повреждение Галеацци)
A COLLES fracture in the lower third and dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint damage Galeazzi)

Clinically, the damage appears significant swelling and deformity in the lower third of the forearm. Radiocarpal joint is extended, the brush is deflected to the radial side and the ulnar side will hold the head of the ulna.

A deviated septum

Искривление носовой перегородки
A deviated septum

The curvature of the nasal septum is manifested by the following symptoms:
1. Obstruction of nasal breathing. Can be observed as a moderate violation, and the complete absence of nasal breathing. If the patient has unilateral deviated septum, impaired nasal breathing will be celebrated by the right or left half of the nose. Here we should focus on a small aspect of this symptom. Often, when you visit an ENT doctor, the patient is diagnosed with a deviated septum that leads him to a surprise since, according to him, his nose breathes well.

A fracture of the skull base

Перелом основания черепа
A fracture of the skull base

A fracture of the skull base bones belong to an open craniocerebral injury, and fracture with discharge of blood or cerebrospinal fluid from the ear canal or nose - to-open-penetrating traumatic brain injury. Fractures of the skull base localization is divided into fractures of the anterior, middle and posterior cranial fossae.
Fractures of the anterior cranial fossa are characterized by bleeding from the nose, or nasal liquorrhea, bruises in the upper and lower eyelids (a symptom of "points"). Bruises are one-sided and two-sided.

Antimuscarinic poisoning means

Отравление антимускариновыми средствами
Antimuscarinic poisoning means

The most characteristic manifestations of atropine poisoning symptoms caused by the parasympathetic blockade: dry mucous membranes, thirst, dysphagia, hoarseness, xerophthalmia, dilated pupils, blurred vision, increased intraocular pressure, flushing, dry skin and lifting skin temperature, fever, tachycardia, hypertension, urinary retention and distension of the abdomen.

Arrhythmias and heart block when cardiotropic poisoning

Аритмии и блокады сердца при кардиотропных отравлениях

The clinical picture.Poisoning cardiotropic substances cause the development of bradyarrythmia. The first signs of a primary cardiotoxic effect is often severe bradycardia (20-40 min), the increase of the electrical systole of the heart (QT interval) and systolic index (SP). In severe poisoning marked nodal or idioventricular rhythms, sinoaricular, atrioventricular and intra-ventricular blockade.

Arsenic poisoning

Отравление мышьяком
Arsenic poisoning

Arsenic hydrogen combines with hemoglobin in red blood cells, causing severe hemolysis with anemia, hemoglobinuria and subsequent gross hematuria, developing after 3-4 hours after exposure. Subsequently may develop severe jaundice. Arsenic poisoning is characterized by nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, reactive state and malaise, tachycardia and shortness of breath. Often develops acute renal failure with a fatal outcome.

Bone shape torticollis

Костные формы кривошеи
Bone shape torticollis

Torticollis abnormal development of G. Rare abnormalities of G can lead to the development of severe progressive torticollis. The main clinical manifestations of the disease are head tilt and its rotation, expressed in varying degrees, the asymmetry of the face and skull. In young children the head is passively excreted in average physiological position

Brain compression

Сдавление головного мозга
Brain compression

Compression (compression) of the brain characterized by an increase in the specific period of time after the injury or immediately after a cerebral symptoms (onset or deepening of impaired consciousness, increased headache, repeated vomiting, agitation, etc.), focal (appearance or depression hemiparesis, unilateral mydriasis, focal epileptic seizures, etc.) and stem symptoms (onset or deepening of bradycardia, increased blood pressure, restriction of gaze upwards, Tonny spontaneous nystagmus, bilateral pathological signs etc.)

Brain injury

Ушиб головного мозга
Brain injury

A bruise (contusion) of the brain. Distinguish contusion mild, moderate and severe.
Brain contusion mild observed in 10-15 of patients with traumatic brain injury. Characterized by the shutdown of consciousness after injury, lasting from a few to tens of minutes. After regaining consciousness, the typical complaints of headache, dizziness, nausea, etc. tend to have a retro-, con-, anterograde amnesia. Vomiting sometimes repeated. Can be a moderate bradycardia or tachycardia, sometimes systemic arterial hypertension. Breathing and body temperature without material deviations.

Broken bones

Переломы костей
Broken bones

From a clinical point of view it is important to distinguish between fractures are stable and unstable. Stable fractures are transverse line of fracture. In unstable fractures (oblique, spiral) because of mounting muscle after injury of the retraction definitely appears secondary displacement.

Broken bones in children

Переломы костей у детей
Broken bones in children

In complete fractures of the extremities with displacement of bone fragments clinical manifestations practically does not differ from that of adults. At the same time, when cracked, subperiosteal fractures, epiphyseolysis and osteophytosis without bias to a certain extent can be stored motion, abnormal mobility is absent, the contours of the injured limb, which spares the child, remain unchanged and only when the feeling of pain is defined in a limited area, respectively, to the fracture site. In such cases, only the x-ray examination helps to make the correct diagnosis.

Cadmium poisoning

Отравление кадмием
Cadmium poisoning

Acute cadmium poisoning occurs after the ingestion or inhalation. Drinking water containing cadmium in a concentration of 15 mg/l, with a total dose of 30 mg of cadmium, causes vomiting, abdominal pain, severe diarrhea and sometimes shock. Acute inhalation of cadmium causes breathlessness, weakness, chest pain, shortening of breath and cough.

Cervical rib

Шейные ребра
Cervical rib

Pain is the most characteristic and constant symptom. The pain appears mainly after exercise, turning heads, necks, hands, drooping shoulders and shoulder girdle. It can be acute or local common. Pain is localized mainly in the area of innervation of the ulnar nerve, but sometimes extends to the shoulder girdle, the occipital region.

Chemical poisoning

Химические отравления
Chemical poisoning

The symptoms of poisoning depend on the type and amount of poison ingested, and the individual characteristics of the victim. Some poisons with low toxicity cause certain violations only with prolonged exposure or repeated ingested in large quantities. Other substances are so toxic that even getting a single drop of this venom on the skin can lead to dire consequences.

Concussion

Сотрясение головного мозга
Concussion

Characterized by loss of consciousness for a few seconds or minutes vomiting Often observed.

The main signs of a concussion is a brief loss of consciousness (which may be omitted), nausea and retrograde amnesia – the patient immediately after the injury can't recall events before it. Can be retro-, con-, anterograde amnesia for a short period of time. The severity of concussion is determined both by the duration of loss of consciousness and duration of memory impairment.
Medical society of the state of Colorado have identified three degrees of severity of a concussion:
1 degree. Confusion drove amnesia and loss of consciousness
2 the degree.

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