Disease sexually transmitted:

Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)

Abnormalities of size and form of teeth (macrodontia and microdontia)

Аномалии размеров и формы зубов  (макродентия и микродентия)
Abnormalities of size and form of teeth (macrodontia and microdontia)

The tooth rotation, tooth

The tooth rotation, tooth (Latin tortus twisted) is called rotation of the tooth around its longitudinal axis. Most often susceptible to lateral incisors of the upper jaw. The most common causes of the anomaly are:

  • the lack of sufficient space in the tooth row (macrodontia, narrowing jaw)-
  • the pressure on the supernumerary tooth or incorrectly proizvodima teeth
  • atypical bookmark follicle-
  • persistence (sustainability) of primary teeth-
  • trauma in the area of the front teeth.

Abrasion of hard tooth tissues

Стирание твердых тканей зуба
Abrasion of hard tooth tissues

Pathological abrasion of hard tissues of teeth observed in 11,8 people. Full erasing chewing tubercles large and small molars and partial cutting edges of the anterior teeth is more common in men (62.5) than in women (22,7 ). The reasons for excessive Erasure can be malocclusion, overload caused by loss of teeth, not-proper design of the prosthesis, the impact of household and occupational hazards, as well as the formation of defective tissue structures.

Abrasive precancerosis cheilitis Manganotti

Абразивный преканцерозный хейлит Манганотти
Abrasive precancerosis cheilitis Manganotti

The disease is characterized by the appearance on the red border of the lower lip of one, at least a few erosions. Usually erosion is located on the lateral parts of the lips, less often in the center or at the corner of the mouth. Erosion has an oval or an irregular shape with a smooth, as if polished surface, vivid red. She is superficial, sometimes covered sitting tight bloody or serous crust, receding with difficulty, while there is a slight bleeding.

Abscess in the face

Абсцесс в области лица
Abscess in the face

Formed an abscess is a bulging, domed, brightly erythematous area. The skin over it thinned.

Palpation sharply painful, easily detected fluctuation. The overall condition is violated slightly. More heavy flows abscesses located deep in the tissues - in the infratemporal space, and parapharyngeal, throat, etc., These abscesses occur with severe General symptoms of intoxication, impaired functions (swallowing, breathing, open mouth, etc.). They represent a significant threat to the health and even the life of a child. In these cases, note the pallor and dryness of the skin, increased body temperature to 38 °C and above.

Abscess of the oral cavity

Абсцесс полости рта
Abscess of the oral cavity

Usually the abscess is preceded by a toothache, characteristic of periodontitis. She appears in a certain region of the tooth, biting into food which causes increased pain. Soon there is soft tissue swelling and induration, painful when touched. If an abscess develops under the mucous membrane of the mouth, when viewed from its bulging and redness. When the location of the abscess is closer to the skin (face and submandibular region), the picture is similar. The progression of purulent process is accompanied by a deterioration of General condition, fever, a violation of appetite, sleep. To remove the source of infection in a patient tooth, and most importantly to prevent the spread it to the surrounding tissue and the area required immediately opening the abscess by a physician.

Acid necrosis of the teeth

Кислотный некроз зубов
Acid necrosis of the teeth

The progression of chemical necrosis of hard tooth tissues leads to a change in the appearance of tooth enamel front: it becomes dull and rough. Sometimes the enamel acquires dirty-gray or dark pigmentation. Pronounced abrasion of dental tissues.

Actinic and meteorological hejlitov

Актинический и метеорологический хейлиты
Actinic and meteorological hejlitov

The dry form is manifested by dryness of the lower lip, upper lip and the facial skin is rarely affected. Defeat captures the entire surface of the red border, it becomes bright red, covered with small, dry serebriteley scales. In a subsequent may cause abrasions, erosions. Some patients in the red border are formed areas of hyperkeratosis and sometimes verrucose sprawl.

Actinomycosis of the maxillofacial region

Актиномикоз челюстно-лицевой  области
Actinomycosis of the maxillofacial region

The clinical picture of actinomycosis differ considerably. T. G. Robustova proposes to distinguish between the following forms of the disease: cutaneous, subcutaneous, submucosal, subcutaneous intramuscular (deep), lymphadenectomies, primary actinomycosis of bone and actinomycosis of the organs of the oral cavity (actinomycosis of the tongue, salivary glands, tonsils). A characteristic feature in the manifestation of actinomycosis in children is a primary lesion of the lymph nodes of the maxillofacial area and the bone tissue of the mandible.

Acute apical periodontitis

Острый апикальный периодонтит
Acute apical periodontitis

For acute periodontitis is characterized by the presence of a sharp localized pain of a permanent nature. Initially in acute periodontitis notes expressed mild aching pain that is localized and corresponds to the area of the affected tooth.
Later the pain becomes more intense, tearing and throbbing, sometimes radiating that indicates the transition in purulent inflammation. Acute apical process lasts from 2-3 days to 2 weeks. Conditionally possible to identify phase 2 or phase of acute inflammation of the periodontium.
A first stage. Phase of intoxication of the periodontium occurs at the beginning of the inflammation.

Acute gingivitis

Острый гингивит
Acute gingivitis

Clinic acute gingivitis gives the classic signs of inflammation: swelling, redness, a local temperature increase of the gums, pain, disruption of the normal function of gums. Against this background, there is bleeding gums and even ulceration.
General condition, with rare exceptions, is not broken. On examination, determined by the inflammation of the gum tissue that covers or interdental gingival papillae (papillary gingivitis), or the marginal gingiva (marginal gingivitis).

Acute nonspecific sialoadenitis

Острый неспецифический сиалоаденит
Acute nonspecific sialoadenitis

The disease occurs as an acute evolving process. The clinical picture is characteristic of mumps. Amid high body temperature appears swelling on one or both sides in the parotid-masticatory and retromolar areas. Determined by palpation painful infiltrate in the area of the glands. The mouth of the ducts dilated, gaping, mucosa around hyperemic. During a massage of the glands salivate with the admixture of pus. From the beginning of the disease symptoms of intoxication.

Acute osteitis

Острый остит
Acute osteitis

Acute osteitis begins with the occurrence of pain in jaw in the projection of the tooth with a broken crown Appear swelling, redness as the mucosa in the area of the transition folds and skin tissue Swelling quickly transformed into infiltration At this stage of the process is characterized by thickening of the soft tissues surrounding the jaw, tenderness to palpation, severe hyperemia, edema and infiltration In cases when the tooth is the source of infection - lower molar, is often difficult mouth opening Increased body temperature, painful Percussion of the tooth

Acute osteomielite

Острый остемиелит
Acute osteomielite

Osteomyelitis of the jaws is among the most severe on the course of odontogenic inflammatory processes in the maxillofacial area. In the basis of acute osteomyelitis is a purulent process, causing resorption and bone melting substances. Simultaneously with the development of inflammatory foci in the bones develop inflammatory processes in soft tissues surrounding the bone.

Acute pericoronal

Острый перикоронит
Acute pericoronal

As a rule, the disease begins with aching pain in the area prorezawategosa tooth that within 2-3 days become acute. While chewing on the affected side becomes difficult or impossible, sometimes there is pain when opening the mouth and swallowing. The General condition is satisfactory, the submandibular lymph nodes are enlarged and painful (on the affected side of the Causal tooth, usually by half, and sometimes completely covered with inflamed, edematous "a hood", from beneath which pus with an unpleasant odor.

Acute periostitis

Острый  периостит
Acute periostitis

Serous periostitis of the jaw can be observed from the first months of life. The behavior of the child becomes restless, disturbed sleep and appetite, body temperature rises to subfebrile. The mucosa of the oral cavity is hyperemic and edematous. One of the clinical symptoms of serous periostitis is marked tenderness on palpation of the jaw.

Acute serous lymphadenitis

Острый серозный лимфаденит
Acute serous lymphadenitis

The disease begins with increase in the amount of one or more lymph nodes. They are compacted, there is pain - spontaneous and when touched. Gradually develops swelling in the affected area. Often one dominant lesion site. Neighboring nodes although involved in the process, but to a much lesser extent. Increased body temperature. Common signs of toxicity: weakness, sweating, loss of appetite, loss of sleep, headache, stronger pronounced in the youngest age group (1-3 years).

Acute suppurative (abstemiously) lymphadenitis

Острый гнойный (абсцедирующий) лимфаденит
Acute suppurative (abstemiously) lymphadenitis

In the area of lymph node appear severe, sometimes throbbing pain, the temperature rises to 38 °C and above, you experience lethargy, fatigue, disturbed sleep and appetite. The General condition of patients often satisfactory, but often moderate. Symptoms of intoxication are more pronounced in children younger and middle age groups.

Adenoflegmona

Аденофлегмона
Adenoflegmona

For sick children characteristic dinamichnosti, lethargy, malcontentment, severe weakness and sweating. About a third of children with acute persons diagnosed concomitant diseases: SARS, bronchitis, pneumonia, acute otitis media, exudative diathesis, etc. the Source of infection may serve as teeth, ENT organs, traumatic injury, including postinjection, due to violation of the rules of asepsis.

Allergic contact cheilitis

Контактный аллергический хейлит
Allergic contact cheilitis

The process usually localized in the red border of the lips, sometimes it captures a bit of the skin. Less common combined lesions of the red border of lips and oral mucosa. At the point of contact with the allergen develops various intensity erythema red border of lips. On the background of inflammation of the small bubbles appear, quickly opened and form of erosion, cracks. Patients complain of severe itching, burning, swelling of the lips. Allergic contact cheilitis can occur without significant inflammatory response.

Allergic stomatitis

Аллергические стоматиты
Allergic stomatitis

In allergic stomatitis acrylic plastic patients complain of the inability or difficulty in use removable dentures because of the constant feeling of burning in the area of the mucous membrane of prosthetic bed. The burning sensation is more pronounced in the upper jaw than the lower, which is connected, apparently, with buffer properties of the mucous membrane of prosthetic field of the upper jaw. Sometimes with burning tongue, mucous membranes of the alveolar processes, cheeks, lips. Patients complain of dry mouth. Saliva is a viscous, "frothy", "gummy". Hyposalivation difficult to use a prosthesis and aggravates the clinical picture of allergic conditions. The removal of the prosthesis, generally eliminates subjective experience. Often subjective feelings take precedence over objective picture of the disease

Alveolitis

Альвеолит
Alveolitis

The disease often begins at 2-3 days after surgery (pain in the area of the alveolus of the tooth, increase of body temperature up to 37,5-38,5°C.) the pain increases Gradually spreading to neighboring departments heads out of your mouth comes a bad smell. In the submandibular area increase and become painful lymph nodes. The duration of the disease up to two weeks.
The gums around the hole is inflamed, swollen and looks red. In the hole there is no blood clot, the hole is covered with gray bloom, often there is purulent discharge.

Anaphylactic shock

Анафилактический шок
Anaphylactic shock

Hemodynamic variant with a predominance of symptoms of acute heart-nosologists insufficient n spine: weak rapid pulse, flushing of the skin, alternating with pallor - sweating - increasing drop in blood pressure to immeasurable values. The patient is pale and in extreme cases losing consciousness.

And pericoronitis

Перикоронарит
And pericoronitis

The clinical picture is characterized by severe pain in the area prorezawategosa tooth, radiating to the ear, temple, and the body of the jaw, limited mouth opening due to the propagation of collateral edema in the region of attachment of the masseter or medial pterygoid muscles, the appearance of pain when swallowing. Typically, the process is accompanied by the reaction of the regional lymph nodes and soft tissue swelling adjacent areas.

When the oral examination reveals edema and hyperemia of the mucous membrane around prorezawategosa of the tooth, in the field cryochemistry folds, the lower arch of the vestibule of the oral cavity.

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