The average floor. Gender identity.

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Third floor man

The psychological diagnosis gender identity disorder, commonly called transsexualism, is used to describe a male or female who feels a strong identification with the opposite sex and experiences considerable distress because of their actual sex. Children with gender identity disorder have a strong cross-gender identification. They believe that they are or should be of the opposite sex.

Definition

Gender identity a person's sense of identification with male or female sex, as manifested in appearance, behavior and other aspects of human life.

Description

Psychologists believe human sexual identity is composed of three separate components. The first shows the direction of the children's sexual orientation, whether he or she is Heterosexual (straight), homosexual (gay) or bisexual. The second is the child's behavior, whether a woman is a "Tomboy" or Housewives-type, and the man is "macho" or "sensitive boy". The third component is what psychologists call the cause of gender identity. According to article 12 may 2001 issue of new scientist, this is the most difficult to define, but, in fact, is a deep inner feeling of the child, whether he or she is male or female.

Most people these three components pointing in the same direction, but some people, constituting more than mixed. For example, a gay woman (lesbian) may look and act either feminine or masculine (Butch), but it still deeply feels that she is a woman. Scientists are not sure where the internal sense of maleness or femaleness comes. Some believe that it is physical, from the body, while others believe that it is mental, hypothalamus, areas of the brain. There is also debate about whether the definition is formed of hormones, particularly testosterone and estrogen, or genes is assigned at the moment of conception.

Gender identity or middle floor, occurs at the age of two or three and depends on a combination of biological and sociological factors, reinforced at puberty . Once established, it usually does not change for the life.

In addition to gender differences, other biological contrasts between men and women are already evident in childhood. Girls Mature faster than boys, physically healthier, and are more advanced in the development of oral and written language skills. Boys are generally more advanced in combat and manipulating objects. They are more aggressive and more physically active, preferring noisy, noisy form of the game that require more groups and more space than girls of the same age.

Despite conscious attempts to reduce the stereotyped roles of the sexes in the last decades of the twentieth century and in the beginning 2000-h years, boys and girls still have different attitudes to adult from the moment of their birth. How adults play with children were found to differ by gender. Girls are treated more gently and walked more verbally than boys. As children grow, many parents, teachers and other authority figures still tend to encourage independence, competition, aggressiveness, and intelligence more boys and expressions, care, motherhood and parenting, and obedience more girls.

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Third floor man

Infancy and for example

There is a growing volume of research suggests that gender identity develops at a very early age. Some studies show that babies can distinguish between male and female faces and match faces and voices on the floor by the time they reach one year. However, gender marking tasks, such as identifying a toy, does not occur until until around the age of two years. Gender identity and the awareness of sex differences usually occur in the first three to four years of a child's life. However, children begin to demonstrate a preference for your gender since the age of about two.

Gender identification is often associated with the selection and use of toys in this age group, according to some studies conducted in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990-ies. Sex differences in toy play were found in children under one year of age. To two years, children begin to spontaneously choose the types of toys according to gender. Some of these studies show that age, boys display more severe reaction than girls to toy disputes. By age two, the reaction of the boys more aggressive.

Most two-year-olds know whether they are boys or girls and can identify adult males or females. By age three, most children know that men have penises and women have Breasts. Also at the age of three, children begin to apply gender labels and stereotypes, revealing a gentle, empathic characteristics with females and strong, aggressive characteristics with males. Even in the twenty-first century, most young children develop stereotypes about gender roles, linking nurses, teachers, secretaries and females as police officers, firefighters, and construction workers as males.

Preschool

Preschoolers develop a growing sense of self-awareness about their bodies and sex differences. Fears about the body and the body of the female genital organs, particularly genitals, often are the main sources of fear in preschool children. As children become more aware of gender differences, preschoolers often develop intense feelings of vulnerability and anxiety about their bodies.

School age

At the age of six years children spend about 11 times more time with members of their own sex as with children of the opposite sex. This pattern begins to change, as the child approaches puberty, however.

In adolescence, most children have an established sexual orientation as heterosexual, homosexual or bisexual. They also created their own style of behavior and core gender identity. However, only a very small proportion have not.

While the majority of children to follow a certain pattern in the acquisition of gender identity, some of the development of gender identity is inconsistent with their biological sex, in a condition differently known as gender confusion, gender identity disorder, or transsexualism, which affects about one in 20,000 males and one in 50,000 females. The researchers found that both early socialization and hormonal factors may play a role in the development of gender identity disorder. Children with gender identity disorder usually feel from a very early age that they are trapped in the wrong body and begin to show signs of gender confusion between ages two and four. They prefer peers of the opposite sex at that age, when most children prefer to spend time in the company of same-sex peers. They also show a preference for the clothing and typical activities of the opposite sex; shemale boys love to play house and play with dolls. Girls with gender identity disorder are tired of the usual women's game and prefers to play rougher types are usually associated with boys, such as contact sports .

Both male and female transsexuals believe and repeatedly insist that they actually are, or will grow, members of the opposite sex. Girls cut their hair short, use for boys clothes, and have negative feelings about maturing physically as they approach adolescence . In childhood, girls with gender identity disorder experience less overall social rejection than boys because it is more socially acceptable for a girl to be a Tomboy than for a boy to be perceived as female. About five times more boys than girls are referred to therapists for this condition. Adolescents with gender identity disorder suffer social exclusion and vulnerable to depression and suicide . They have difficulty developing peer relationships with members of their own sex, and romantic relationships with the opposite sex. They may also become alienated from their parents.

Common problems

The psychological diagnosis gender identity disorder, commonly called transsexualism, is used to describe a male or female who feels a strong identification with the opposite sex and experiences considerable distress because of their actual sex. Children with gender identity disorder have a strong cross-gender identification. They believe that they are or should be of the opposite sex. They are uncomfortable with their sexual roles and authorities and may Express a desire to change their bodies.

Although not all persons with label shemales, there are those who decided to undergo sex change or did so, and, therefore, classified as a transsexual. They often try to pass as socially opposite sex. Transsexuals to change their appearance cosmetically and hormonal and over time can undergo sex reassignment surgery.

Most children eventually outgrow gender identity disorder. About 75% of boys with gender identity disorder to develop homosexual or bisexual orientation in late adolescence or adulthood, but without continuing feelings of transsexualism. Most of the remaining 25 percent are heterosexuals (also without transsexuality). Those individuals whose gender identity disorder persists into adulthood retain the desire to live as the opposite sex, sometimes manifesting this desire by dressing in clothes of the opposite gender, either privately or publicly. In some cases, transgender adults (men and women) have their primary and secondary sexual characteristics are changed through a sex change operation, consisting of surgery and hormonal therapy.

Parental concerns

Children with gender identity disorder or middle floor, refuse to dress and behave in sex-stereotyped ways. It is important to remember that many emotionally healthy children experience fantasies about being a member of the opposite sex. The difference between these children and gender identity disordered children, the recent experience significant interference in functioning due to its cross-gender identification. They can become severely depressed, anxious, socially or withdrawn.

According to an article published in the January 2003 issue of the brown University child and adolescent behavior letter , psychiatrists offer these suggestions for parents of children with a diagnosis guide:

• To create an atmosphere of acceptance, so the child feels secure in the family to Express his or her interests. To identify and praise the child's talents.

• Use gender-neutral language in discussing romantic affection.

• Watch TV shows and movies and read books that have gay themes or characters.

• Encourage your child to find activities that respect his or her interests, but to help the child fit into society.

• To insist on the classroom discussions about diversity and tolerance. To provide the child the school has anti-discrimination policies that include gender identity and the policies are applied.

• If specified, to take the child to a therapist with experience and tolerance on issues relating to gender identity and sexual orientation.

KEY TERMS

The core of gender (third gender) identity is a deep inner feeling of a child, whether he or she is male or female.

Estrogen-Female hormone produced mainly in the ovaries and released by the follicles as they Mature. Responsible for female sexual characteristics, estrogen stimulates and triggers a response from at least 300 fabrics. After menopause hormone production is being phased out.

Gender identity disorder-a strong and lasting cross-gender identification and persistent discomfort with one's biological gender (sex) role. This discomfort must cause significant distress or impairment in the functioning of the individual.

The hypothalamus is the front part of the brain that controls heart rate, body temperature, thirst, hunger, body temperature and pressure, blood sugar, and other functions.

Psychotherapy and psychological counseling, which seeks to determine the underlying causes of the patient's depression. The consultation form can be cognitive-behavioral, interpersonal, or psychodynamic.

Testosterone-Male hormone produced by the testes and (in small amounts) in the ovaries. Testosterone is responsible for male secondary sexual characteristics such as growth of body hair and deepening of voice. It is also sometimes given in the framework of hormone replacement therapy for women whose ovaries have been removed.

Transsexuality is a term used to describe a male or female that feels a strong identification with the opposite sex and experiences considerable distress because of their actual sex. Also called gender identity disorder.

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Gender identity

When to call the doctor

Gender identity disorder, usually diagnosed when children show any four of the following symptoms:

• They repeatedly state a strong desire to be, or to insist that they are of the opposite sex.

• They show a marked preference for cross-dressing.

• They are strong and long-term preference for fantasy and role-playing as members of the opposite sex.

• They are involved in or want to play the stereotypical games of the opposite sex.

• They show a strong preference of friends of the opposite sex.

Guide usually diagnosed by a psychiatrist or psychologist who conducts the interview with the patient and takes the entire social history. Family members may also be interviewed during the evaluation process. Most children diagnosed with the guide eventually grow out of, but some psychiatrists are trying to speed up the process, usually with psychotherapy. This procedure in itself is controversial and received a lot of criticism both in mental health and gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender communities. For children, a clear diagnosis may be impossible until in adolescence, as most children grow out of gear problems.

Some psychiatrists are critical of the psychiatric classification of gender identity disorder, saying it's more of a social stigma. To prove his innocence, some psychiatrists suggest that boys are six times more likely to be diagnosed with and allocated to treatment than girls. It's not because the disorder is more common in boys, but most parents tend to worry more if your son starts wearing dresses than if their daughter starts to play with toy trucks.

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