Disease sexually transmitted:

Candidiasis urogenital organs (thrush) in men

Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)

  • What is Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)
  • What triggers / Causes Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)
  • The symptoms of Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)
  • Diagnosis of Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)
  • Treatment of Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)
  • Prevention of Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)
  • Which doctors should be consulted if You have Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)

What is Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea) -

Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea) Gonorrhoea, Gonococcal Infection - infectious disease caused by Neisseria doggie transmitted through sexual contact with a primary lesion of the genitourinary system.
Over the past 20 years the number of diagnosed cases of gonococcal infection decreased significantly, but still every year there are about 62 million people contract this infection. The most dangerous gonococcal infection for young women under the age of 25 years due to the rapid development of inflammatory diseases of small pelvis and infertility. Annually in the USA only register up to 4 fatalities due to the occurrence in patients gonococcal sepsis.
Gonococcal infection remains on the importance and distribution of the second sexual infection after chlamydia.

What triggers / Causes Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea):

The causative agent of gonorrhea - gonorrhea. In most cases, gonorrhoea (gonococcus) is transmitted sexually. In most cases, gonorrhea is transmitted through sexual contact, mainly after casual sex without using a condom.
The gonorrhea infection occurs at various forms of sexual contacts: under normal intercourse, oral-genital, anal, and just at the contact of the genital organs, without the introduction of the penis into the vagina.
In some cases infection can be spread by, for example, using household items: bed linen, underwear, washcloth, towel, etc. This route of infection is generally associated with the female half of the population and especially for girls.
A child can get from suffering gonorrhoea mother during passage through the birth canal. Thus it affects the mucous eyes, and baby girls and also sex organs. 60 cases of blindness in newborns caused by gonorrhea.

The symptoms of Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea):

The incubation period of gonorrhea can range from 1 to 15 days. But usually the first signs of gonorrhea appear 3-5 days after infection.
Acute urethritis is the most frequent manifestation of gonorrhea in men. Usually the incubation period is from 2 to 7 days, but can last longer. Main symptoms are urethral discharge and dysuria. The original allocation may be scanty and slimy, but after a day or two become abundant and purulent. These heavy and explicit manifestations and distinguish gonococcal urethritis from chlamydia-induced, which can be caused, for example, chlamydia. Men with asymptomatic urethritis are the primary reservoir for transmission of infection. In addition, they and those who leave the disease untreated, are at greater risk of developing complications.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women are much more diverse, they include:
1. Gonococcal cervicitis.
Mucopurulent cervicitis, which is a very common disease, sexually transmitted diseases, in women, is caused not only by gonococci, but also chlamydia and some other organisms.
The main symptoms of gonorrhea infection in women are vaginal discharge and dysuria. These symptoms appear within ten days and are more acute and intense than when cervicitis caused by chlamydia. In addition, there may be complications - pain in your side or abdomen.
Rising infection, that is, the movement of bacteria up the sexual tract, occurs in 20 cases. It causes acute endometritis, which is accompanied by abnormal menstrual bleeding, and if the infection penetrates into the fallopian tubes, the result may be salpingitis. The most devastating consequence of salpingitis is the scarring of the tubes, leading to infertility. In addition, increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy when the fetus begins to develop in an abnormal place.
2. Gonococcal vaginitis.
When the first signs of gonococcal vaginitis, any inspection turns into an extremely painful procedure. The mucosa of the vagina becomes red and swollen, begin a copious purulent discharge.
3. Anorectal gonorrhea.
Due to anatomical features of the structure of the female body the infection can spread to the area of the rectum. In most of these cases are associated with the development of cervicitis and options when the rectum is the only one amazed by the microorganism place, is extremely rare.
4. Gonorrhea in pregnant women, newborns and children.
Gonococcal infection during pregnancy can cause severe problems and the mother and the child. Therefore, it is important to identify and neutralize infection as early as possible. Fringilla infection, often asymptomatic, is the most common case in pregnancy. Acquisition of infection in late pregnancy may adversely affect childbirth and the child's condition. Prolonged rupture of membranes, premature birth, chorioamniotic and sepsis in the newborn - the most common complications of maternal gonococcal infection. The risk to the fetus includes the possibility of spontaneous abortion, intrauterine fetal death, preterm birth.
The most common form of gonorrhea in newborns is neonatorum infections, which occurs as a result of the passage of the baby through the birth canal and contact with infected secretions. Therefore, this infection must be immediately removed with any eye lesions in children. This is exactly the case when additional precautions are unnecessary.
Up to 70 women with the disease of gonorrhea do not feel any discomfort. As in women, and men running gonorrhea causes changes of the genital organs, often leading to infertility and other complications, but also affects other organs: kidney, heart, liver, brain, skin, bones, muscles, joints and may cause blood poisoning.
The effects of gonorrhea
When injected into the human body gonococci impress the mucous membranes of the urethra, cervix and anus, causing purulent inflammation. Untreated infection may be rising and spread in women in the uterus, fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity, and in men it can cause failure of the epididymis. In addition, gonorrhea can lead to ectopic pregnancy, the development of adhesions in the abdomen and persistent male and female infertility. Also possible complications such as inflammation of the rectum (proctitis) and eyes (gonococcal conjunctivitis). Very rare serious complications such as spread of infection via the blood stream and damage the heart, joints or brain. When the infection from the sick newborn to the mother during labor may inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye (blennorhea) and the development of blindness in the newborn.
Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea)

Diagnosis of Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea):

Even in the presence of the described symptoms of gonorrhea, diagnose the disease and accurate diagnosis is possible only in the laboratory. Usually a swab is taken from the urogenital tract and examined for the presence of gonococci.

Treatment of Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea):

If You have a suspicion of gonorrhea, in no case do not self diagnose and self-medicate. Gonorrhea is a very serious illness that leads to a major disaster when the wrong treatment at the first signs of the disease, immediately consult your doctor-venereologist, urologist or gynecologist.
When the disease gonorrhea is necessary to strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene after visiting the toilet be sure to wash hands with soap and water. Men should not squeeze out the pus from the urethra, it can cause the spread of infection.
When treating gonorrhea is recommended to drink plenty of liquids and exclude from the daily diet spicy food, alcohol and beer. It is not recommended to use the pool, Cycling and spinning classes, as well as great exercise and a long walk.
To treat gonorrhea antibiotics. The most effective are the fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins. Unacceptably premature termination of treatment, you must take the full course of treatment, because even when the first improvements and the disappearance of the external signs of the causative agent of gonorrhea (gonococcus) remains in the body and the disease becomes chronic. It is recommended after treatment re-examination.

Prevention of Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea):

Necessary examination, and upon detection of the disease (signs of gonorrhea) and treatment of all persons who have had sex with a patient with gonorrhea. It is also necessary to examine the girls in case even one of the parents.
Condom use is the most reliable method of preventing infection like gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted diseases, sexually transmitted.
Gonorrhea of immunity does not arise in the case of negligence possible re-infection with gonorrhea.
After having sex without a condom should be immediately pee and to wash the external genitals with warm water and soap (preferably commercial). Thus, it is possible to wash away trapped on them gonococci. Within 2 hours after intercourse to prevent use special antiseptics in the form of solutions - gibitan, CIVPOL, Miramistin and others. They destroy gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted pathogens of infectious diseases. But do not forget that these funds do not have one hundred percent effective, and it decreases with increasing time interval from sexual contact.

Which doctors should be consulted if You have Gonococcal infection (gonorrhea):

Venereal diseases
More in this category: « Gonorrhea Gonococcal pharyngitis »

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