Disease sexually transmitted:

Congenital syphilis

White Piedra (knotty trichosperma)

  • What is White Piedra (knotty trichosperma)
  • What triggers / Causes of White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon)
  • Pathogenesis (what is happening) while White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon)
  • Symptoms White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon)
  • Diagnosis White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon)
  • Treatment White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon)
  • Prevention of White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon)
  • Which doctors should be consulted if You have White Piedra (knotty trichosperma)

What is White Piedra (knotty trichosperma) -

White Piedra (knotty trichosperma) – antropos mycotic lesion of the hair cuticle.
The disease often registered in countries with warm or tropical climate. In individuals with immunodeficiencies possible fungemia with the development of endophthalmitis, brain abscesses, endocarditis, etc.
White Piedra (knotty trichosperma)

What triggers / Causes of White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon):

The causative agent of white Piedra (trichosporon) - basidiomycete - Trichosporon beigelii - localized in the scales and the hair of the beard, in which there are nodules composed of hyphae and oval arthropod. On the Sabouraud agar the fungus grows in the form of a soft cream-colored colonies.
Microscopic examination of affected areas of hair clutch is detected around the hair, consisting of ascospores, the shaft remains outside of the lesion.

Pathogenesis (what is happening) while White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon):

Source of piety is a sick man. Piedra occurs in both sexes, but more common in young women. While white Piedra affects hair on the head, beard, moustache, and genital area. Infection occurs when using other people's combs, hats. Contribute to disease hair lubrication sour milk and linseed oil, wet warm climate and excessive sweating, the violation of the integrity of the cuticle of the hair. In our country it is a rare disease. White Piedra occurs in Europe, USA, Japan and South regions of our country.

Symptoms White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon):

The disease runs a chronic. On the surface of the hair appear small, very dense knots of white color, which are oval or irregular in shape, covering the hair in the form of the coupling. Nodules represent a cluster of spores. The nodules are easily detected by palpation. Sometimes in a tight pulling of the hair knots are glued together, forming bundles, resembling sheaves of cereals ("Colombian plica"). When bending such hair heard the crunch of a kind, caused by the destruction of the dense colonies of the fungus. Affects only the hair shaft, but breaking it is not happening.
When neutropenia (most often in patients with leukemias), this fungus can cause a generalized infection. Fungemia accompanied by the emergence of widespread papular or hemorrhagic rash. In the future, the pustules turn into large tense blisters with hemorrhagic content.
Blood cultures are usually positive.

Diagnosis White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon):

The diagnosis is easily established on the basis of specificity of clinical symptoms. In difficult cases the diagnosis can be confirmed by microscopy and culture studies. In the nodules on hair microscopy revealed a broad (4-6 µm) mycelium, divided into oval, round and rectangular arthrospores located mosaic or clusters.
On Wednesday Saburo grayish-yellow, dark cream, black colonies.
The Piedra differentiate from the so-called false Piedra caused by bacteria forming on the porous medium Saburo cream-colored colonies with scalloped border on the periphery, head lice.

Treatment White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon):

The most effective treatment white Piedra shaving hair, after which quickly recovery occurs. If the patient refuses to shave hair, it is shown daily shampooing with a hot solution of corrosive sublimate (mercury dichloride) in a dilution of 1:1000 and combing out the knots comb, followed by shampooing with hot water and soap. For the treatment is also used amphotericin B, sometimes in combination with 5-fortitudinem. Inside is recommended to take vitamin A.

Prevention of White Piedra (the knotty trichosporon):

To prevent white Piedra should observe the rules of personal hygiene.

Which doctors should be consulted if You have White Piedra (knotty trichosperma):

Dermatologist
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